Monday, December 5, 2016

The Hope of (a) Messiah

Isa. 9:6-7   ( Isa. 11:1-9 )

Messiah = root:  to anoint  (rub on, pour on oil - holy oil set apart for that particular purpose), therefore symbolizing
1) being set apart (holy) (by God to God's work)
2)  being given authority to act on God's behalf (by God to do God's work)

Anointing used of Old Testament priests - Ex. 30:0 - exclusively for Aaron & his sons
Also, of prophets and Kings - 1 Kings 19:15-16 - God to Elijah - Vs. 15 - pagan king over a pagan nation
So, Psm. 105;15 - they are mine - the Lord stands behind them

So, on one hand there were many 'anointed ones',
However, in the highest sense this applied to:

THE promised Deliverer of God's people who would come TO:
(1) deliver His people (from bondage, oppression)
and (2) restore the Kingdom to it's rightful and proper place)

How was Messiah to accomplish this?   Various views=
1).  Warrior Messiah - Psm. 2:1-9 - example:  David.  This was the view of the Zealots (Simon - one of the 12) - must overthrow Rome by military means

2) Prophet Messiah - through preaching and teaching of the Word, the Law would lead to moral, ethical and religious revival which would lead to blessings and restoration.  Example:  Moses - Deut. 18:15

3) The High Priest Messiah - the spokesman for God - stood between God and the people - go between
Combination of priest, prophet, politician (administrator) (and, sometimes warrior)

Through proper ritual and ceremony (temple) plus proper leadership (administrative oversight) would come God's blessings which would bring restoration. 
Psm. 110:1-4 - MacAbees, Hasmoneans, Sadducees - this was their view

4).  The Sage Messiah - deliverance and restoration through wisdom, compassion, good works.
Example:  Solomon, Ghandi, characterized by meekness, gentleness, goodness ... example:  Jesus' words - Luke 7:20-23

PROBLEM!!  The prophecies suggest all of these!  So, warrior or peacemaker?  administrative leader or humble servant?  arrive riding on clouds?  or a donkey?

The Agreement nevertheless was:
#1.  Messiah is God's Anointed One
#2.  He will come as promised
#3.  He'll deliver God's people from oppression to glory

In Jesus' Day - expectation was extremely high.
Messiah was:
1) - expected, anticipated
2) to deliver from Roman oppression
3)  to restore the Kingdom to glory days of David and Solomon)

Note:  the word Messiah" carried over into the Greek language Cristos and into English - CHRIST.

So........ a natural question of John the Baptist - John 1:19-20

The Disciples believed Jesus to be that ONE
words of John the Baptist - John 1:35-36, 41, 45
Jesus 'self reference - Luke 4:16-21
Jesus disclosure to Samaritan woman - John 4:25-26
Recognition by Martha - John 11:27 (which He accepted)
(He didn't openly declare His Messiahship)

Peter (& disciples) confession - Matt. 16:13-17 - saw through divine intervention
Death & the cross - shattered that hope.
Resurrection renewed that hope.
A combination of post-resurrection teaching and coming of the Holy Spirit elevated that hope to a whole new height!!
 Acts 2:36 - "both Lord  Christ"!!  which = Messiah Lord or THE ENTHRONED MESSIAH.  Hence, "THE LORD JESUS CHRIST" - not just an individual that God used in a mighty way.

This then, we see ---- Jesus Messiah --
1) came as promised  (prophesied)
2 to deliver His people
3) from their oppression (oppressors)
4) to a (former) state of glory - going to restore us to what should be - what was.

This Jesus is both Lord and Christ.

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